THE MEDITERRANEAN “SUPER” DIETA RESEARCH ON EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION

gianni zio ok okThe Mediterranean diet is universally recognized as the healthiest one. It represent the"healthy eating" by definition, what is now clearly established. Its properties are also largely related, in addition to the good quality and quantity of filler in macronutrients (carbohydrates, lipids and proteins), to its content of micronutrients such as vitamins and molecules with an antioxidant action and other ones with the same characteristic of phytochemicals. Although partially known, little has been published so far on the exact role of these dietary components and how to optimize their contribution within the frame of a healthy lifestyle and a choice strictly "Mediterranean". There are tables of contents in vitamins, antioxidants and phytochemicals in most of the food consumed in the world published in Italy by INRAN (National Research Institute for Food) and in the U.S. by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). Researchers at the Catholic University taking part in the famous Moli-Sani Project, have recorded and strictly monitored the eating habits of more than 24 000 volunteers in Molise’s population from 2005 to 2010. In a subgroup of about 13 thousand selected subjects have now been applied the above tables identifying two subgroups, one of which ate food (always belonging to the Mediterranean diet) with a global content of antioxidants and phytochemicals below a predetermined mathematical average and another above. In all of them were taken into account two irrefutable indicators of cardiovascular risk: the blood pressure and the so-called systemic inflammation identifiable with the PCR assay (C-reactive protein) blood. It being understood that eating "Mediterranean" is identical with the healty foods of nutritional scientists. Scholars (Pounis G. et al.) have published a few days ago in the journal European Journal of Clinical Nutrition their results: there is a possibility of access to a sort of Super Mediterranean Diet able to defend significantly better from the risk of hitting diseases such as arteriosclerosis, myocardial infarction, hypertension, stroke. In short, if pasta and bread are essential, but the powerful micronutrient intake is indifferent, it is clearly more effective in terms of health a daily choice based on leafy vegetables and tomatoes, cooked or raw, raw carrots and radishes, nuts, fish, olive oil olive and citrus trees, more than the one based on cabbage and broccoli, mushrooms and onions raw, cooked vegetables, vegetable oils, chicken and turkey, milk and low-fat yogurt and fruit without citrus.

Giovanni Spera

Endocrinologist and internist doctor

Professor of Internal Medicine, Professor at the School of Specialization in Endocrinology for over 40 years. Founder and Scientific Coordinator of the Master “Prevention and Treatment of Overweight, Obesity and Eating Disorders” at the Sapienza University of Rome. He organized and directed for 20 years the Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Obesity and Eating Disorders at the Policlinico Umberto I in Rome

-RIPRODUZIONE RISERVATA-

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